Gearing Ratio Là Gì

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A gearing ratio is a category of financial rattiện ích ios that compare company debt relative sầu to financial metrics such as total equity or assets. Investors, lenders, và analysts sometimes use these types of ratios mập assess how a company structures itself với the amount of risk involved with its chosen capital structure.

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What Is a Gearing Ratio?

A gearing ratio is a measurement of a company’s financial leverage, or the amount of business funding that comes from borrowed methods (lenders) versus company owners (shareholders). Well-known gearing rattiện ích ios include debt-lớn-equity, debt-lớn-capital với debt-service rattiện ích ios.

Although financial leverage cùng financial risk are not the same, they are interrelated. Measuring the degree lớn which a company uses financial leverage is a way lớn assess its financial risk.

Lenders may use gearing ratquả táo Khủng decide whether or not phệ extkết thúc credit, với investors may use them bự determine whether or not to invest in a business. A higher gearing ratio usually indicates higher financial risk.

While there is no set gearing ratio that indicates a good or bad structured company, general guidelines suggest that between 25% và 50% is best unless the company needs more debt mập operate.

How Do You Calculate a Gearing Ratio?

There are many types of gearing ratios, but a common one mập use is the debt-lớn-equity ratio. Lớn calculate it, you add up the long-term cùng short-term debt và divide it by the shareholder equity. If you don’t have sầu any shareholders, then you (the owner) are the only shareholder, và the equity in this equation is yours.


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Long-term debt includes loans, leases, or any other form of debt that requires payments at least a year out. Short-term debt usually requires payment within a year.

How Gearing Ratquả táo Work

If your company had $100,000 in debt, cùng your balance sheet showed $75,000 of shareholders’ or owners’ equity, then your gearing ratio would be about 133%, which is generally considered high.

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Raising capital by continuing lớn offer more shares would help decrease your gearing ratio. For example, if you managed bự raise $50,000 by offering shares, your equity would increase mập $125,000, cùng your gearing ratio would decrease Khủng 80%.

Another method bự decrease your gearing ratio is mập increase your sales in an attempt Khủng increase revenue. You could also try Khủng convince your lenders mập thay đổi your debt into shares.

Limitations of Gearing Ratquả táo

The results of gearing ratio analysis can add value mập a company’s financial planning when compared over time. But as a one-time calculation, gearing ratgame ios may not provide any real meaning.

It’s also important to rethành viên that although high gearing ratio results indicate high financial leverage, they don’t always mean that a company is in financial distress. While firms with higher gearing ratgame ios generally carry more risk, regulated entities such as utility companies commonly operate with higher debt levels.

Monopolistic companies often also have sầu a higher gearing ratio because their financial risk is mitigated by their svào industry position. Additionally, capital-intensive industries, such as manufacturing, typically finance expensive equipment with debt, which leads phệ higher gearing ratquả táo.


For this reason, it’s important mập consider the industry that the company is operating in when analyzing it’s gearing ratio, because different industries have sầu different standards.

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A gearing ratio compares the funds a company borrows relative mập its equity, or capital.Different types of gearing ratquả táo exist, but a common one is the debt-lớn-equity ratio.A higher gearing ratio usually indicates higher financial risk to stockholders cùng lenders.It’s important phệ consider the industry và type of company when analyzing với comparing gearing ratquả táo.

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