Academic transcript là gì

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You”ve sầu probably heard of high school transcripts, but vì you know what information they contain với why they”re so important for applying khổng lồ college?

This guide will explain what a high school transcript is, what exactly it includes, cùng why it is often the most important part of your college application.

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What Is a High School Transcript?

A high school transcript is basically a record of your academic accomplishments in high school. It lists every class you took, when you took them, với the grade you received in each class, sometimes along with additional information such as standardized thử nghiệm scores với any honors you received. Every person enrolled in high school has a high school transcript, which is regularly updated as courses are completed.

There are two versions of your high school transcript: official và unofficial. The two versions will usually look very similar or identical in terms of ngôn từ, but an official transcript will often have sầu a seal or tamper-proof marks on it or will be inside a sealed envelope. This is so people reading the official transcript can be certain no changes were made lớn it after it was released by the school và that the information it contains is 100% accurate.

Official transcripts often have to lớn be sent directly to lớn by your high school in order to lớn remain official, while a transcript you print or copy yourself will be unofficial. Most colleges require you to lớn submit an official copy of your high school transcript when you apply, but if you just want lớn look at the information your transcript includes for your own personal use, an unofficial copy is fine.

Why Do You Need a High School Transcript?

So now you know what a high school transcript is, but why is it so important? High school transcripts are needed for several reasons:

#1: To Apply to lớn College

Your high school transcript is probably the most important part of your college application, simply because it contains so much information about you: the classes you took, when you took them, how well you did in them, etc. Colleges will look over your transcript very carefully when you apply, so it”s important lớn understvà what they”ll be looking for, which we”ll cover in the next section.

The majority of college applicants are high school seniors, với most of the college application advice out there is aimed at them. But what vị you vì if you don”t fall inkhổng lồ this narrow category? Our eBook on how to lớn prepare for và apply khổng lồ college as a nontraditional student will walk you through everything you need khổng lồ know, from the coursework you should have under your belt khổng lồ how khổng lồ get letters of recommendation when you”re not a high school senior.


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#2: To Graduate High School or Transfer khổng lồ a New High School

Before you head off to college, you, of course, need to finish high school, và your transcript will be what your high school looks at khổng lồ see if you can graduate. They will look khổng lồ make sure you took enough credits, completed each of the graduation requirements, với passed the necessary classes. If you transfer high schools, your new school will use your transcript khổng lồ determine the classes you completed và which classes you should enroll in. When changing schools, you will have a transcript from each high school you attended, but your new school will also include information about the classes you took at your previous school, usually marking those classes as transfer credits.


#3: To Apply for Jobs

Some jobs require you to submit your high school transcript when you apply so they can look at your grades or make sure you have taken any classes they may require workers to lớn have sầu passed.


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Grab a copy of your transcript và find the specific information mentioned as you read through the next part of this guide. If you don”t already have a copy of your transcript, ask your guidance counselor for one, or if you need more assistance, take a look at our guide to lớn learn how lớn get your high school transcript.

What a High School Transcript Includes

Transcripts contain a lot of information, và at first glance it can be difficult khổng lồ take it all in. This section will explain what a transcript includes, why this information is important, andways for you khổng lồ determine if you”re on trachồng for creating a svào one. The main components of a transcript are:

The Name of Each Course You Took in High School

Your transcript will các mục the course name for each class you took in high school, including whether you retook or dropped a class.

Why Is This Important?This information is used to determine if you met graduation requirements for your high school as well as the entrance requirements for colleges.It shows the difficulty of your schedule, such as whether you took a lot of honors cùng APhường. classes or mostly stuông xã khổng lồ regular-màn chơi courses.It shows the subjects you the most classes in. This is important because if you”re applying to college với indicate you plan to lớn major in, for example, biology, colleges will expect to see a fair number of science courses on your transcript.Questions to lớn Ask Yourself:Are you on track to meet your high school’s graduation requirements?What about entrance requirements for colleges you are interested in?Have sầu you or will you be taking classes in the subject you plan lớn study in college?Actions khổng lồ Take:Talk to lớn your guidance counselor if you’re unsure about graduation requirements.Research different colleges lớn see the classes they require students khổng lồ have sầu completed in high school, với make sure those classes are on your transcript or will be before you graduate.If you don’t feel lượt thích your transcript includes enough courses in the subject you want khổng lồ study in college, alặng lớn take more classes in that field before you graduate.

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The Grades You Got in Each Class

As well as providing the letter grade you got in each class you took, transcripts will also often include your GPA (weighted và unweighted) as well as your class rank, if your school has this.

Why Is This Important?It shows schools với employers how well you grasped the material in each of your classes cùng how well you can be expected to bởi in future classes. This is very important information khổng lồ colleges because they want to lớn accept students they feel will succeed in college classes.It allows colleges to lớn compare your grades và GPA lớn other applicants với their school”s average entrance GPA.Colleges often pay special attention to lớn your grades that relate most closely lớn the subject you plan khổng lồ major in.Class rank shows how well you did academically compared to lớn the rest of your graduating class.Questions lớn Ask Yourself:Is your GPA cthua trận to the average entrance GPAs of the colleges you”re interested in?If you know what you will major in, bởi vì you have sầu svào grades in the classes that relate lớn that subject?Actions to Take:Find specific colleges’ average entrance GPA on their websites, với see how your current GPA compares.If you want lớn improve sầu your grades, concentrate particularly closely on the classes that relate most lớn your future major.


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When You Took Each Class

The classes on your transcript are organized by date, with the classes you took first at the top, cùng your most recent classes at the bottom. Classes are grouped together by semester/trimester/quarter, depending on your school”s calendar.

Why Is This Important?It allows colleges lớn see the progression of your courses. Did you move from regular English your freshman year khổng lồ honors English your sophomore year? Did you sign up only for easy classes your senior year? Colleges use that information to help determine whether or not you challenged yourself each year of high school.It lets colleges với others see if cùng how your grades changed over time. Did you stumble a bit at the beginning of high school, but managed khổng lồ raise your GPA after that? Were there any semesters where your grades were significantly lower than other times?Questions to Ask Yourself:Have sầu you been continuously challenging yourself with the classes you take? Does your transcript show this (such as honors or APhường classes)?Were there any periods in high school when you got lower grades than usual?Actions lớn Take:Make sure you continue to take challenging classes throughout high school, even during senior year, including honors cùng AP.. classes if possible.If there was a period of time when your grades dropped, và you have sầu an explanation for it (illness, personal issue, etc.) attach a note khổng lồ your application describing the situation, cùng ask your guidance counselor khổng lồ explain the situation in their letter of recommendation as well. Colleges can be very understanding about circumstances lượt thích that, especially if they see you made an effort khổng lồ improve your grades afterward.


Behavior Record

Some transcripts contain information such as the number of absences you have had và any serious disciplinary actions you have sầu faced (such as suspensions, not minor issues like detention).

Why Is This Important?Colleges và employers want lớn make sure they’re accepting people who are serious about their commitments và will get along well with others. If a student regularly didn’t show up for class or had a serious disciplinary action, they may be hesitant to lớn accept or hire them.Ask Yourself:Is there any evidence of discipline or frequent absences on your transcript?Actions khổng lồ Take:If the above sầu applies to you, attach a letter to lớn your application describing the situation cùng the ways you have worked lớn improve sầu yourself since then. Be sure khổng lồ avoid repeating the same mistakes.

Additional Information

Some high school transcripts contain additional information such as your scores for standardized tests, any honors or awards you received in school, cùng sometimes the volunteer work you did.

Why Is This Important?It provides more information about your accomplishments so schools với jobs can get a more complete picture of who you are.


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What”s Next?

Need to lớn get ahold of your high school transcript? Learn how to get a copy of your transcript, regardless of when you graduated high school cùng which type of school you attended.

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Wondering whether your GPA is good enough to lớn get you inkhổng lồ the colleges you want? Cheông chồng out our guide lớn figure out how svào your GPA is.

Unsure of where you want lớn go to lớn college? Learn how lớn choose the best college for you!

Thể Loại: Chia sẻ Kiến Thức Cộng Đồng
Bài Viết: Academic Transcript Là Gì – “Bảng Điểm” Trong Tiếng Anh: Định Nghĩa, Ví Dụ

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